The previous Presidents of Mexico and Brazil have always focused on the elite in the country that are allowed to go to college. In 2002, the current administrations of the two countries were vowing to help the younger students succeed in school and to have at least 75% of students finish secondary school by 2010. Education at the time in these two countries was already growing from what it had been previously. Mexico for example had gone from an average student staying in school 1.7 years in 1940 to 7.7 years by the 1990s. The article then discusses how yes, Latin American countries are improving education as a whole, but are they keeping up with the rest of the world? No. Many students still receiving a good education with college as a possibility are the rich. Surprisingly enough, Cuba still passes Brazil and Mexico in math and reading scores because Castro put an emphasis on education even under a dictatorship. So what can help? Better budget? Better teachers? Many things can be done and probably have been since this article was published. The main thing that I would take away is to not train a student for college because not everyone is meant for college, but rather train a student to help decided what to do that is best for them. Farm? Teach? Whatever they can do.